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Umbwe route, Kilimanjaro

Overview

The Umbwe route is a short, steep and direct route. It is considered to be very difficult and is the most challenging way up Mount Kilimanjaro. Due to the quick ascent, Umbwe does not provide the necessary stages for altitude acclimatization.

Although the traffic on this route is very low, the chances of success are also low. The route is offered at a minimum of six days, though seven days is recommended when attempting this route.

Day to Day Itinerary

Day One: Umbwe Gate (1,800 m) - Bivouac (First) Camp (2,940 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 5 hours
Distance: ?
Habitat: Rain forest

After breakfast you will be driven to the Umbwe Gate at 1,800 m, passing through villages with coffee and banana plantations. Sign the register before you enter the park for your first step to accomplishing a life-long dream.

The air is thick with moisture and the path is usually muddy. The route initially follows a forestry track winding up through the natural rain forest. It then narrows and steepens to climb the ridge between the Lonzo and Umbwe rivers, with huge trees surrounding you. The path offers some spectacular views of deep gorges and if you are lucky, glimpses of Kilimanjaro towering above you in the distance.

The camp is perched between huge trees and thick undergrowth.

Day Two: Bivouac (First) Camp (2,940 m) - Barranco Camp (3,950 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 6 hours
Distance: ?
Habitat: Arctic

Shortly after leaving the camp the forest starts thinning and is replaced by rockier terrain, sparser undergrowth and straggly, moss-covered trees. The path continues along a narrow, but spectacular ridge. As you gain higher altitude, catch glimpses of Kilimanjaro rising majestically ahead of you – etched against the blue sky. The path flattens as you approach Barranco Valley.

Day Three: Barranco Camp (3,950 m) - Lava Tower (4,630 m) - Arrow Glacier Camp (4,800 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 5 hours
Distance: ?
Habitat: Arctic

After breakfast you will start your hike towards Lava Tower, a famous landmark on Kilimanjaro. The path is steep and rocky, with views of Mt. Meru, Kilimanjaro’s little sister, punching her peak through the clouds.

Tent camp on day three of the Umbwe route.From Lava Tower you turn towards the Western Breach, a steep climb to Arrow Glacier camp (4,800 m). This is taxing and symptoms of altitude sickness might become noticeable. The campsite is spectacular. Vegetation has now all but disappeared, leaving only rock and scree in varying shades of brown and black. The campsite is very cold and you need to be prepared.

Day Four: 4 Arrow Glacier (4,800 m) - Crater (5,700 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 5 hours
Distance: ?
Habitat: Arctic

From the Arrow Glacier camp steep scree and rocky outcrops requiring a scramble lead up the Western Breach to the crater floor (5,700 m).

This day will be the toughest challenge by far. After snowfalls the route can become icy and in these conditions an ice axe or ski stick may be required. When reaching the crater rim, you will be astonished by the view of snow and glaciers. Visible to you left is the Northern Ice fields of Kilimanjaro with the Furtwangler Glacier in front of you.

Walk past this glacier to the Crater camp, situated at the crater rim. If time permits, you can climb to the Ash Pit (1 ½ hour). The Ash Pit is 340m across, 120m deep and is one of the most perfect-formed examples in the world. The campsite is very cold as snow might occur.

Day Five: (Summit Attempt) - Crater (5,700 m) - Uhuru Peak (5,895 m) - Mweka (3,100 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 2 hrs to Uhuru, 7-8 hrs to Mweka
Distance: ?
Habitat: Arctic

You will rise very early in the morning, and after some early breakfast you shuffle off into the early morning darkness. From the crater floor you will probably encounter snow all the way on your 2-hour ascent to Uhuru Peak.

Time spend on the summit will depend on the weather conditions. Do not stop here for too long, as it will be extremely difficult to start again due to cold and fatigue. Enjoy your accomplishment and a day to remember for the rest of your life. Group of climbers at Uhuru after successfully summiting via Umbwe route.

Day Six: Mweka Camp (3,100 m) - Mweka Gate (1,980 m)

Elevation: ?
Hike Time: 3 hours
Distance: ?
Habitat: Arctic

A view of Mt Kilimanjaro in the distance on day six of the Umbwe route. At Mweka Gate you receive your certificate of summit, after signing the register, and if you’ve completed the climb successfully.

From Mweka Gate you walk to Mweka Village, a one hour walk through 3 km of muddiness. You receive a hot lunch at the Mweka Village, and are taken back to Moshi/Arusha, where you can celebrate your summit, and have that long-overdue hot shower.

Kilimanjaro Trek

Duration

6 days

Route

Umbwe
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Safari at a Glance

  • Day One: Umbwe Gate (1,800 m) - Bivouac (First) Camp (2,940 m)
  • Day Two: Bivouac (First) Camp (2,940 m) - Barranco Camp (3,950 m)
  • Day Three: Barranco Camp (3,950 m) - Lava Tower (4,630 m) - Arrow Glacier Camp (4,800 m)
  • Day Four: 4 Arrow Glacier (4,800 m) - Crater (5,700 m)
  • Day Five: (Summit Attempt) - Crater (5,700 m) - Uhuru Peak (5,895 m) - Mweka (3,100 m)
  • Day Six: Mweka Camp (3,100 m) - Mweka Gate (1,980 m)

Start Planning Your Safari Adventure

This is a suggested Tanzania safari itinerary. It can be adapted to suit your own personal needs and preferences, as well as for any seasonal changes or migratory animal movements.
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Kilimanjaro Commercial Complex
(New NSSF Building)
2nd Floor, Room No. 3F
Aga Khan Road
Moshi, Tanzania
P.O. Box 1785
Moshi, Tanzania
+255 755 337 828
info@thepeakofafrica.com
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